Research

A Profile of Immigrants from Travel-Ban Affected Countries in the United States

Report Author: 
Mohammad Ismael Nooraddini
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

This study looks at the geographic distribution and characteristics of the approximately 800,000 immigrants already living in the United States from seven of the countries covered by travel ban imposed by the Trump administration on September 25, 2017: Iran, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen. The data indicate that these immigrants are employed, highly educated, have high incomes, own their own homes, and are making impressive contributions to the larger society.

Source Organization: 
Other

Evolution of the H-1B: Latest Trends in a Program on the Brink of Reform

Report Author: 
Sarah Pierce & Julia Gelatt
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

This issue brief examines the main features of the H-1B temporary worker program, including the background of visa holders, the types of companies they work for, and latest trends in the operation of the program. The report notes that the H-1B program has been growing, with much of the growth due to the fact that there is a long wait for employment-based green cards, particularly for Indian nationals. H-1B visa holders may renew their temporary visas until a green card is available.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Leveraging Social Science Expertise in Immigration Policymaking

Report Author: 
Ming Hsu Chen
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

Why is social science expertise important in policymaking, and why is such expertise noticeably shunned in immigration policymaking, an area of governance often swirling in a sea of misinformation, prejudice, and political posturing? These are two questions that the author of this paper seeks to answer.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

How the Trump Administration’s Plan Would Shape the Composition of Immigration: First Numerical Estimates

Report Author: 
Michael Clemens & Jimmy Graham
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

The Trump Administration proposals for cuts to legal immigration are embodied in the Securing America’s Future Act of 2018 (H.R. 4760), filed in the U.S. House of Representatives in January, 2018. According to estimates in this report, the bill, if enacted, would substantially change the racial, religious and educational characteristics of new U.S. immigrants. The New Immigrant Survey, conducted in 2003, permits analysis of H.R. 4760’s potential impact on new immigrants’ characteristics.

Source Organization: 
Other

Bringing Evidence to the Refugee Integration Debate

Report Author: 
Hamutal Bernstein with Nicole DuBois
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

This report provides a summary of "the prodigious research evidence about refugees in the US." The authors seek to ground policymaking in the existing research base (focusing on five major studies produced in recent years), as well as to identify gaps in research that should be addressed in the future. Overall, the existing studies show that labor force participation rates for refugees rise over time, often exceeding native-born rates, refugee income levels rise, and their use of public benefits declines.

Source Organization: 
American Federation of Teachers

A Way Forward for Refugees: Findings from the WES Pilot Project

Report Author: 
Denise Jillions
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

In 2017, 66 million people became refugees and asylum seekers after being displaced from their homes. World Education Services (WES), an international credential evaluation company, launched a program in 2016 called the Refugee Pilot Project, in order to test an alternative approach to verifying the academic credentials of Syrian refugees in Canada. WES started this program because refugees often have missing or incomplete documentation and their circumstances prevent them from obtaining verified documents to comply with WES's standard procedure.

Source Organization: 
Other

On Holy Ground: Church Sanctuary in the Trump Era

Report Author: 
Valerie J. Munson
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

The number of deportations of unauthorized immigrants has increased dramatically since the election of Donald Trump. In keeping with long-standing tradition, religious communities across the United States have responded by providing sanctuary to unauthorized immigrants in the form of housing and social services. Thus far, immigration authorities have refrained from entering sacred spaces to apprehend unauthorized immigrants. But, is it legal for religious communities to provide such sanctuary under the current law criminalizing the "harboring" of unauthorized immigrants?

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Source Organization: 
Other

Criminal Immigrants in Texas: Illegal Immigrant Convictions and Arrest Rates for Homicide, Sexual Assault, Larceny, and Other Crimes,

Report Author: 
Alex Nowrasteh
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

There is a widespread belief, propagated by the Trump administration, that when undocumented immigrants enter the United States, they significantly increase crime rates. However, undocumented immigrants are less likely than the U.S.-born to be arrested or charged for most crimes, according to this report by Alex Nowrasteh at the Cato Institute. Using 2015 data from the Texas Department of Public Safety, Nowrasteh compares arrest and conviction rates in Texas for undocumented immigrants, legal immigrants, and native-born Americans.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Immigration Enforcement under Trump: A Loose Cannon

Report Author: 
Shoba Siviprasad Wadhia
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

Despite multiple stays of removal after an order for removal from the United States in 2006, Ravi Ragbir, an immigrant activist, was taken into custody during a routine meeting with Immigration and Customs Enforcement in January 2018.  His case is symptomatic of a larger problem caused by Trump administration immigration policies. This report addresses the Trump administration's change in longstanding policies governing the exercise of prosecutorial discretion in relation to people who have received an order of removal.

Source Organization: 
Other

Dominican Immigrants in the United States

Report Author: 
Jie Zong & Jeanne Batalova
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

This "Spotlight" report details the major demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of Dominican immigrants in the U.S. based on census and Department of Homeland Security data. Among data points covered in the report are: educational attainment, labor force participation, income and poverty levels, immigration pathways and naturalization rates, health coverage, and remittance levels.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute