Research

Socioeconomic Integration of U.S. Immigrant Groups over the Long Term: The Second Generation and Beyond

Report Author: 
Brian Duncan & Stephen J. Trejo
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

Large-scale immigration raises questions about the social and economic progress of new arrivals, their U.S.-born children and the third generation. Some observers suggest that the sheer size and geographic concentration of recent immigration could hinder immigrants' social and economic integration. The authors of this paper examine some of the available data on this question, as well as methodological problems associated with the data. The Current Population Survey (CPS) has nativity questions about the respondent and her/his parents that may be used to assess generational change.

Source Organization: 
Other

What Works: Innovative Approaches to Improving Refugee Integration

Report Author: 
Silva Mathema
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

The Trump administration has proposed funding cuts to the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP), which will destabilize the current infrastructure for resettling and integrating refugees.

Source Organization: 
Center for American Progress

Looking Past the Label: An Analysis of the Measures Underlying ‘Sanctuary Cities'

Report Author: 
James Rice
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

One important premise underlying this study is that federal immigration law is "under-enforced" and that local law enforcement may serve as a "force multiplier," so long as the mission of local law enforcement is not compromised in the process. The author also argues that the term "sanctuary city" creates more confusion than clarity, as it encompasses a variety of measures each of which should be argued on its own merits.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Imprisoned Justice: Inside Two Georgia Immigrant Detention Centers

Report Author: 
Center for Immigrants' Rights, Penn State Law
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

The United States has steadily expanded its use of immigrant detention from about 30 detained immigrants per day prior to 1980 to 41,000 in 2016. Now the world's largest immigrant detention system, it relies heavily on for-profit facilities, with 72 percent of immigration detention beds located in for-profit facilities in 2015 compared to only seven percent of imprisoned non-immigrants in 2014.

Source Organization: 
Other

Filipino Immigrants in the United States (Updated from 2010)

Report Author: 
Jie Zong & Jeanne Batalova
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

Numbering more than 1.9 million, Filipinos are the fourth largest foreign-born group in the U.S. Utilizing data from the US Census Bureau's 2016 American Community Survey and other federal data sources, the Migration Policy Institute provides this update to its profile of Filipino Immigrants in the United States. The profile examines the geographic distribution of Filipinos by state and key cities, demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, categories of admission to the U.S., and remittance data.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Supporting Dual Language Learner Success in Superdiverse PreK-3 Classrooms: The Sobrato Early Academic Language Model

Report Author: 
Anya Hurwitz & Laurie Olsen
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

While the characteristics of monolingual, bilingual, or dual language classrooms for young children are widely understood and well covered in the educational literature, there appears to be an information void regarding the "superdiverse" classroom, defined by this study as one "with at least five language groups represented, and without a critical mass of any one language group in a classroom that would make dual-language/bilingual instruction feasible." Too often in these settings, the importance of primary language skills to English language development is overlooked or discounted.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Language of the Classroom: Dual Language Learners in Head Start, Public Pre-K, and Private Preschool Programs

Report Author: 
Megina Baker & Mariela Páez
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

This report is one in a series of three reports produced by MPI examining the implications of "superdiverse" communities for early childhood education and care programs and systems. As of 2013, more than one in three children in the U.S. spoke a language other than English at home.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

U.S. Colleges are Losing International Students: Why It's Happening and Why It's a Problem,

Report Author: 
Jake Varn
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Oct

The United States has long drawn students from all over the world to attend its world-class colleges and universities. However, in 2016, international enrollment dropped for the first time since 2005. In this report, policy analyst Jake Varn argues that this decline should be cause for alarm. He points out that international students are vital to the higher education ecosystem and the larger economy: they create a diverse student body and are a significant source of revenue for universities as they pay full tuition and often do not receive financial aid.

Source Organization: 
Other

Limiting the National Right to Exclude

Report Author: 
Katrina Wyman
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

While acknowledging the political challenges involved in convincing others of her point of view, the author of this essay argues that climate change is creating a strong rationale to limit the state's right to exclude certain people from crossing its borders. She sees an analogy with private property owners whose right to exclude others from entering their property is limited by the state. Indeed, there are many more restrictions on the right of private property than on the prerogatives of the state.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Connecting the Dots: Emerging Migration Trends and Policy Questions in North and Central America

Report Author: 
Claudia Masferrer, Víctor M. García-Guerrero, and Silvia E. Giorguli-Saucedo
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

The authors of this paper take a sweeping look at the entire North American "migration corridor," consisting of Canada, the United States, Mexico, and the "Northern Triangle" countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. They note that patterns of migration are much more complex and multi-directional than they were in the past, when south-north migration was the dominant pattern. For example, approximately 1 million U.S.-born persons moved to Mexico during the 2010-2015 period, made up largely of retirees and children of persons deported from the U.S.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute