European immigrants

Structuring and Implementing an Immigrant Legalization Program: Registration as the First Step

Report Author: 
Donald M. Kerwin and Laureen Laglagaron
Original Date of Publication: 
2010 Nov

While comprehensive immigration reform may have moved to the back burner, the US Congress and ruling administration eventually are likely to revisit legalization as a serious policy option.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

More than IRCA: US Legalization Programs and the Current Policy Debate

Report Author: 
Donald M. Kerwin
Original Date of Publication: 
2010 Dec

Legalization is a policy option that has been used with some regularity by governments in the United States, Europe and elsewhere. Notwithstanding the commonly held perception that the United States has had only one legalization – in 1986 – legalization has been an enduring and necessary feature of US immigration law and policy since the 1920s.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Immigration Policy and Less-Skilled Workers in the United States: Reflections on Future Directions for Reform

Report Author: 
Harry J. Holzer
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 Jan

While broad consensus exists regarding the benefits of highly skilled immigration, the economic role of low-skilled immigrants remains in dispute. In this assessment of the research literature, the author makes an economics-based case for significant reform of the US immigration system.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Earned Legalization: Effects of Proposed Requirements on Unauthorized Men, Women and Children

Report Author: 
Marc R. Rosenblum, Randy Capps and Serena Yi-Ying Lin
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 Jan

Requirements for earned legalization (such as English proficiency, employment, continuous presence and monetary fines) could have different effects on the ability of unauthorized men, women and children to gain legal status. This Policy Brief examines requirements proposed in the five major legalization bills proposed by Congress since 2006.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Communicating More for Less: Using Translation and Interpretation Technology to Serve Limited English Proficient Individuals

Report Author: 
Jessica Sperling
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 Jan

Advances in translation and interpretation technology have given language access professionals a multitude of options for breaking down language barriers. However, with different and seemingly complex types of technologies now available, selecting the right technology system can be a challenge. And because language access needs vary immensely, rarely do agencies or service organizations have translation and interpretation needs that can be met the same way.

This report provides an overview of available technologies, discussing their purposes, costs and benefits.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Delegation and Divergence: A Study of 287(g) State and Local Immigration Enforcement

Report Author: 
Randy Capps, Marc R. Rosenblum, Cristina Rodriguez and Muzaffar Chishti
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 Jan

 

The section 287(g) program, which delegates federal immigration enforcement powers to state and local officers, is not targeted primarily at serious offenders. Despite public statements by Obama administration officials that the program is primarily aimed at identifying and removing “dangerous criminals,” Migration Policy Institute researchers found that about half of 287(g) activity involves noncitizens arrested for misdemeanors or traffic offenses.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

E-Verify: Strengths, Weaknesses and Proposals for Reform

Report Author: 
Marc R. Rosenblum
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 Feb

With Congress likely to consider new mandates involving E-Verify, the currently voluntary employment eligibility verification system, this article examines the strengths and weaknesses of E-Verify, which has grown dramatically in recent years.

It also discusses proposals for reform, including adding biometric screening to the system.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Transatlantic Cooperation on Travelers' Data Processing: From Sorting Countries to Sorting Individuals

Report Author: 
Paul De Hert and Rocco Bellanova
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 Mar

This report, the second in a joint project of MPI and the European University Institute examining US and European immigration systems, details the post-9/11 programs and agreements implemented by US and European governments to identify terrorists and serious transnational criminals through the collection and processing of increasing quantities of traveler data.

The report analyzes how governments, which once focused their screening primarily on a traveler's nationality ("sorting countries"), increasingly are examining personal characteristics ("sorting individuals").

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
U.S. Census, Department of Commerce

Pay-to-Go Schemes and Other Noncoercive Return Programs: Is Scale Possible?

Report Author: 
Richard Black, Michael Collyer, Will Somerville
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 Apr

For decades, some immigrant-receiving countries have experimented with policies designed to encourage unauthorized immigrants to leave without the cost, legal barriers and political obstacles that result from removals or forced returns.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Immigrants in the United States: How Well Are they Integrating into Society?

Report Author: 
Tomas R. Jimenez
Original Date of Publication: 
2011 May

Sociologist Tomás Jiménez examines the integration of immigrants in the USA across five indicators: language proficiency, socioeconomic attainment, political participation, residential locale and social interaction with host communities. Jiménez finds the recent inflow of immigrants is integrating reasonably well—and learning English faster than ever before—almost entirely without the help of policy intervention.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute
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