Workforce/Labor

Taking Giant Leaps Forward: Experiences of a Range of DACA Beneficiaries at the 5-Year Mark

Report Author: 
Roberto G. Gonazalez et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

This brief describes the impact of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program on a particularly vulnerable segment of the DACA-eligible population:  high school dropouts and those whose educations had been interrupted because of financial, legal, and motivational barriers. Based on interviews with 319 such individuals in Arizona, California, Georgia, Illinois, New York, and South Carolina, the report concludes that DACA has been instrumental in opening up important educational and career pathways for this population.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
American Federation of Teachers

New Brain Gain: Rising Human Capital among Recent Immigrants to the United States

Report Author: 
Jeanne Batalova and Michael Fix
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

This fact sheet reports that recent immigrants in the United States are more educated than in the past. Data from the American Community Survey and U.S. Census Bureau show that from 1986 to 1990, 27 percent of new arrivals had a college degree. Between 2011 and 2015, 48 percent of recent immigrants were college graduates. In 26 states, recent immigrants were more likely to be college educated than those born in the U.S. The authors suggest this shift, along with an increase in English proficiency and bilingualism among new arrivals, may be due to increased immigration from Asia.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

How are Refugees Faring: Integration at U.S. and State Levels

Report Author: 
Michael Fix, Kate Hoper, and Jie Zong
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

This study looks at the educational and economic outcomes of five refugee communities (Vietnamese, Cuban, Russian, Iraqi and Burmese) in four states (California, Florida, New York and Texas).  The key question is whether the location of refugee resettlement has a significant impact on refugee integration.  This has been described as “the lottery effect” – the idea that refugees’ lives are impacted by being placed in locales with very different labor markets, costs of living and social safety nets.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Immigrant Health-Care Workers in the United States

Report Author: 
Szilvia Altorjal and Jeanne Batalova
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

Despite making up only 13 percent of the total U.S. population, immigrants represent a vital portion of the growing health-care industry comprising 17 percent, or 2.1 million, of the 12.4 million medical professionals in the United States. This report uses data from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2015 American Community Survey and the Bureau of Labor Statistics to provide a demographic and socioeconomic overview of immigrants working in health-care occupations with particular attention to their proficiency in English, educational background, nationality, gender, and access to health insurance.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

State Policies on Immigrant Integration: An Examination of Best Practices and Policy Diffusion

Report Author: 
Allan Colbern and Karthick Ramakrishnan
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Feb

This paper focuses on actions being taken by states, counties and municipalities that bolster immigrant integration.  The authors believe that since comprehensive immigration reform is stalled at the federal level, these sub-federal level activities are growing in importance and influence.  Drawing on research and the input of participants in several focus group discussions, the authors review findings in four specific domains: policymaking, implementation, organizational capacity and community-engaged research.  For each topic, they provide examples from multiple locales and

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigrant Health-Care Workers in the United States

Report Author: 
Szilvia Altorjai and Jeanne Batalova
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

With health-care reform high on the legislative agenda and the implications of immigration policy changes on particular populations in the news, the role of the foreign born in medical occupations has become a topic of intense interest. Immigrants represent a significant slice of this labor force, comprising almost 17 percent of the 12.4 million people in the United States working as doctors, nurses, dentists, and in other health-care occupations in 2015.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Immigration and Farm Labor: From Unauthorized to H-2A for Some?

Report Author: 
Philip Martin
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

Although immigrant workers have long been employed on U.S. farms, shifting migration patterns and employer labor strategies are reshaping the agricultural workforce. Migration from Mexico to the United States has slowed with the the 2008–09 recession, improving conditions in rural Mexico, and stepped-up border enforcement.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

On the Clock: How Immigrants Fill Gaps in the Labor Market by Working Nontraditional Hours

Report Author: 
Pavel Dramski, PhD
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jul

A new study from New American Economy shows that of the 30.2 million workers in America working the night shift, weekends, or other unusual working hours, nearly 5.5 million of them are foreign-born. The findings of the report are based on an analysis of the American Community Survey (ACS) and the American Time Use Survey (ATUS).

 

 

Source Organization: 
Other

Talking Jobs: Lesson's from ENB's 2016 ESOL Student Employment Survey

Report Author: 
English for New Bostonians
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Oct

English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) classes are a critical investment in immigrants' success in America. The study Talking Jobs: Lessons from ENB's 2016 ESOL Student Employment Survey from English for New Bostonians examines a survey of 1,463 adult students in 39 MA ESOL programs. Survey respondents are primarily involved in four main employment sectors: accommodation and food services, retail trade, healthcare and social assistance and other services such as facilities support.

Source Organization: 
Other

From Struggle to Resilience: The Economic Impact of Refugees in America

Report Author: 
New American Economy
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

This study provides insight into a small and often misunderstood segment of the foreign-born population. While much of the political rhetoric describes what refugees cost the United States in the first eight months of their stay—the short period when they receive government resettlement assistance—this report clearly demonstrates the strong upward trajectory experienced by many refugee families in the country long term.

Source Organization: 
Other
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