Economics

Foreign-born STEM Workers in the United States

Report Author: 
American Immigration Council
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

Foreign-born workers in the United States represent a growing share of the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) workforce in all occupational categories. This fact sheet from the American Immigration Council analyzes data from the American Community Survey to give an overview of the occupational, gender, educational and geographic distribution of foreign-born STEM workers in the United States. It offers a side-by-side comparison of two sets of STEM occupations based on two different STEM definitions. The total number of STEM workers in the U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

The Aging Apple: Older Immigrants a Rising Share of New York's Seniors

Report Author: 
Christian González-Rivera
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

This data brief updates an earlier (2013) report on New York's immigrant senior population. Immigrant seniors now represent an even larger share of the total senior population in the city, reaching almost 50 percent of the total (up from 46 percent in 2010).  The data brief reports trends in the senior population by nativity for the five boroughs, for particular neighborhoods, and for selected countries of origin.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Center for an Urban Future

Taking Giant Leaps Forward: Experiences of a Range of DACA Beneficiaries at the 5-Year Mark

Report Author: 
Roberto G. Gonazalez et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

This brief describes the impact of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program on a particularly vulnerable segment of the DACA-eligible population:  high school dropouts and those whose educations had been interrupted because of financial, legal, and motivational barriers. Based on interviews with 319 such individuals in Arizona, California, Georgia, Illinois, New York, and South Carolina, the report concludes that DACA has been instrumental in opening up important educational and career pathways for this population.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
American Federation of Teachers

New Brain Gain: Rising Human Capital among Recent Immigrants to the United States

Report Author: 
Jeanne Batalova and Michael Fix
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

This fact sheet reports that recent immigrants in the United States are more educated than in the past. Data from the American Community Survey and U.S. Census Bureau show that from 1986 to 1990, 27 percent of new arrivals had a college degree. Between 2011 and 2015, 48 percent of recent immigrants were college graduates. In 26 states, recent immigrants were more likely to be college educated than those born in the U.S. The authors suggest this shift, along with an increase in English proficiency and bilingualism among new arrivals, may be due to increased immigration from Asia.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

The Economic and Social Outcomes of Refugees in the United States: Evidence from the ACS

Report Author: 
William N. Evans & Daniel Fitzgerald
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

Using an innovative technique to create "the largest sample of refugees analyzed to date" (ca. 20,000 refugees resettled in the United States between 1990 and 2014), this report attempts to determine the long-term fiscal and other impacts of refugee resettlement. The results suggest that, for the first eight years in the U.S., refugees receive more in benefits than they pay in taxes.

Source Organization: 
Other

How are Refugees Faring: Integration at U.S. and State Levels

Report Author: 
Michael Fix, Kate Hoper, and Jie Zong
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

This study looks at the educational and economic outcomes of five refugee communities (Vietnamese, Cuban, Russian, Iraqi and Burmese) in four states (California, Florida, New York and Texas).  The key question is whether the location of refugee resettlement has a significant impact on refugee integration.  This has been described as “the lottery effect” – the idea that refugees’ lives are impacted by being placed in locales with very different labor markets, costs of living and social safety nets.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

State Policies on Immigrant Integration: An Examination of Best Practices and Policy Diffusion

Report Author: 
Allan Colbern and Karthick Ramakrishnan
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Feb

This paper focuses on actions being taken by states, counties and municipalities that bolster immigrant integration.  The authors believe that since comprehensive immigration reform is stalled at the federal level, these sub-federal level activities are growing in importance and influence.  Drawing on research and the input of participants in several focus group discussions, the authors review findings in four specific domains: policymaking, implementation, organizational capacity and community-engaged research.  For each topic, they provide examples from multiple locales and

Source Organization: 
Other

From Struggle to Resilience: The Economic Impact of Refugees in America

Report Author: 
New American Economy
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

This study provides insight into a small and often misunderstood segment of the foreign-born population. While much of the political rhetoric describes what refugees cost the United States in the first eight months of their stay—the short period when they receive government resettlement assistance—this report clearly demonstrates the strong upward trajectory experienced by many refugee families in the country long term.

Source Organization: 
Other

Beyond Economics: Fears of Cultural Displacement Pushed the White Working Class to Trump

Report Author: 
Daniel Cox, Ph.D., Rachel Lienesch, Robert P. Jones, Ph.D
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

The white working class voted for Donald Trump over Hillary Clinton in the 2016 U.S. presidential election by a margin of roughly two to one. To illuminate the characteristics, attitudes and experiences that were most significant in predicting white working-class voters' support for Trump, researchers at the Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) tested a variety of demographic, cultural and economic factors before and after the election that may have influenced these voters.

Source Organization: 
Other

Changing the Course of Family Literacy

Report Author: 
Carol Clymer, Blaire Willson Toso, Elisabeth Grinder & Ruth Parrish Sauder
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jan

Despite the demise of targeted federal funding for family literacy programs in 2011 (known as the Even Start program), states continue to support family literacy programs as a useful strategy for combatting intergenerational poverty.

Source Organization: 
Other
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