Education

Language of the Classroom: Dual Language Learners in Head Start, Public Pre-K, and Private Preschool Programs

Report Author: 
Megina Baker & Mariela Páez
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

This report is one in a series of three reports produced by MPI examining the implications of "superdiverse" communities for early childhood education and care programs and systems. As of 2013, more than one in three children in the U.S. spoke a language other than English at home.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

U.S. Colleges are Losing International Students: Why It's Happening and Why It's a Problem,

Report Author: 
Jake Varn
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Oct

The United States has long drawn students from all over the world to attend its world-class colleges and universities. However, in 2016, international enrollment dropped for the first time since 2005. In this report, policy analyst Jake Varn argues that this decline should be cause for alarm. He points out that international students are vital to the higher education ecosystem and the larger economy: they create a diverse student body and are a significant source of revenue for universities as they pay full tuition and often do not receive financial aid.

Source Organization: 
Other

New Americans in San Diego

Report Author: 
New American Economy
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

The immigrant population in San Diego County (CA), after growing 8.5 percent between 2011 and 2016, now constitutes 24.1 percent of the County's population. The fact sheet from New American Economy offers demographic, economic, education, housing, and immigration status data on immigrants in the County, as well as two profiles of local immigrant entrepreneurs. Using an analysis of government data including the 2011 and 2016 American Community Surveys and datasets from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

In the Age of Trump: Populist Backlash and Progressive Resistance Create Divergent State Immigrant Integration Contexts,

Report Author: 
Margie McHugh
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

The paper takes a look at how policy changes being made by the Trump administration and the Republican Congress - and resistance to those changes - are affecting immigrant integration in several arenas. The author also examines the likely consequences of other proposed changes in immigration policy. As the administration seeks to draw local law enforcement into its efforts to deport more immigrants, some states and localities have eagerly complied, but many of the nation's largest cities - and even some states - have vigorously resisted.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Do Human Capital Decisions Respond to the Returns to Education? Evidence from DACA

Report Author: 
Elira Kuka et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

This paper suggests that the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program had a significant impact on young undocumented immigrants' decision-making. The paper highlights increases in high school attendance and high school graduation rates, increased pursuit of postsecondary education, and greater workforce participation by those pursuing education, as well as decreased teen fertility rates. The study draws on data from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, the Youth Risk Behavior Factor Surveillance Survey, and a California Department of Education dataset.

Source Organization: 
Other

Middle Eastern and North African Immigrants in the United States

Report Author: 
Mattea Cumoletti and Jeanne Batalova
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This report updates a 2015 MPI profile of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) immigrants. These immigrants now represent 3 percent of the approximately 44 million immigrants in the U.S. The report discusses the socioeconomic characteristics of the MENA population as gleaned from census and other data. Each data point is compared with the immigrant population in general and the native-born population. For example, in 2016, 43 percent of MENA immigrants (ages 25 and above) had a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 30 percent of all immigrants and 32 percent of native-born adults.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Rethinking English Learner Data: Illinois' Plans Under the Every Student Succeeds Act

Report Author: 
Janie Tankard Carnock
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This report provides an analysis of Illinois' innovative approach to producing and analyzing data on English language learners (ELLs). The federal Office of Education approved Illinois' plan under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), including its approach to managing data, in August of 2017. Unlike other states, which combine current and former ELLs into one group, Illinois will keep the two groups separate and distinct and collect data on "former ELs" through grade 12.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

New Opportunities? ESSA and Its Implications for Dual Language Learners and ECEC Workforce Development

Report Author: 
Delia Pompa, Maki Park and Michael Fix
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

The passage of the Every Student Succeeds Act in 2015, the successor legislation to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, provides new opportunities to integrate early childhood education and care (ECEC) with K-12 education. This has special importance for dual language learners who now represent 32 percent of all children under the age of 5.  This report details all of the mechanisms available under the Act to strengthen ECEC for immigrant children.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Beyond Teaching English: Supporting High School Completion by Immigrant and Refugee Students

Report Author: 
Julie Sugarman
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

This report examines the ways in which selected school districts across the United States are providing services for immigrant and refugee students who are high school aged, particularly those entering school with limited formal education in their country of origin. Based on research and feedback from schools participating in the Learning Network for Newcomer Youth Success, the author focuses on a few key points.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Expanding the Dream: Engaging Immigrant Youth and Adults in Post-Secondary and Adult Education

Report Author: 
Duy Pham and Wendy Cervantes
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

The authors of this brief argue that while the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program (DACA) has had a positive impact both on the lives of the undocumented immigrants who signed up for it and on the country as a whole, it is not enough, and an updated DREAM act should be passed that provides a lasting reform of the nation's immigration laws.

Source Organization: 
Other
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