Workers

How Might Restricting Immigration Affect Social Security's Finances

Report Author: 
Damir Cosic and Richard W. Johnson
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

Most economists agree that immigration boosts productivity, raises the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and prevents labor shortages. In 2016, one in six workers in the United States was an immigrant. These immigrant workers finance a major share of Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (OASDI) payroll taxes that fund Social Security.

Source Organization: 
The Urban Institute

Expanding the Dream: Engaging Immigrant Youth and Adults in Post-Secondary and Adult Education

Report Author: 
Duy Pham and Wendy Cervantes
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

The authors of this brief argue that while the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Program (DACA) has had a positive impact both on the lives of the undocumented immigrants who signed up for it and on the country as a whole, it is not enough, and an updated DREAM act should be passed that provides a lasting reform of the nation's immigration laws.

Source Organization: 
Other

Ready to work: Understanding Immigrant Skills in the United States to Build a Competitive Workforce

Report Author: 
Rob Paral
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

In order to maximize the potential of foreign-born workers in the U.S., policy makers and practitioners in the workforce development field must first understand the diverse characteristics, assets and needs of immigrants. This report provides a detailed portrait of the foreign-born working population in the U.S., emphasizing sociodemographic characteristics, immigration status, geographic distribution, and levels of education and training.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Will DREAMers Crowd U.S.-Born Millennials Out of Jobs?

Report Author: 
Jeanne Batalova & Michael Fix
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

This "commentary" piece challenges the argument that legislation to regularize the status of DREAMers will adversely affect the job prospects of U.S.-born millennials.  The authors bring forth three main arguments to support their position. First, DREAMers represent a very small share of the overall millennial population nation-wide (about 1 percent); second, DREAMers tend to be concentrated in states like California, Texas, Illinois, New York, and Florida. These states account for just 33 percent of Black and 28 percent of White millennials.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Wages and High-Skilled Immigration: How the Government Calculates Prevailing Wages and Why It Matters

Report Author: 
Amy Marmer Nice
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

The H-1B temporary work classification is an immigration status that allows U.S. employers to hire foreign nationals to work in a "specialty occupation" or a highly skilled position that typically requires a bachelor's degree. An employer applying for an H-1B worker must satisfy the prevailing wage requirement for hiring an immigrant worker, i.e.

Source Organization: 
Other

Population diversity as a crucial source of long-term prosperity in the US

Report Author: 
VOX, Centre for Economic Policy Research
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Despite the fear and misunderstanding surrounding the issue of immigration, little research has explored the long-term economic impact of immigration--especially in places that have historically experienced high immigration levels. "Population diversity as a crucial source for long-term prosperity in the U.S." examines whether a more diverse population encourages or hinders economic growth compared to a more homogeneous population. Relying on birthplace data at the county level, the study analyzes U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

America's Demographic Challenge: Understanding the Role of Immigration

Report Author: 
Kenneth Megan & Theresa Cardinal Brown
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

With numerous charts and graphs, this paper outlines the projected growth of various age segments of the U.S. population, showing that the native-born, working-age population will grow much more slowly than the foreign-born working-age population. The relative growth of the 65-and-over population will present economic challenges. In particular, the Social Security trust fund is projected to be depleted by 2034, assuming that current levels of immigration remain relatively constant.

Source Organization: 
Other

A Profile of Current DACA Recipients by Education, Industry, and Occupation

Report Author: 
Jie Zong, Ariel G. Ruiz Soto, Jeanne Batalova, Julia Gelatt, and Randy Capps
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

In September 2017, the Trump administration announced it would discontinue the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which granted temporary legal protection against deportation for unauthorized immigrants who were brought to the United States as children. Using recent data from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), MPI researchers have prepared this educational and occupational profile of individuals currently holding DACA status. Among the key findings is that DACA recipients are almost as likely as U.S.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Economic Contributions by Salvadoran, Honduran, and Haitian TPS Holders: The Cost to Taxpayers, GDP, and Businesses of Ending TPS

Report Author: 
Amanda Baran and Jose Magaña-Salgado with Tom K. Wong
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Apr

Due to extraordingary, temporary, natural disasters in El Salvador, Honduras, and Haiti, the United States Congress granted Temporary Protected Status to individuals from those countries currently in the U.S. because returning to their home country would be unsafe. TPS grants individuals work authorization and protection from deportation until the Secretary determines that those immigrants' home countries can safely handle the return of their nationals.

Source Organization: 
Other

New Americans and a New Direction: The Role of Immigrants in Reviving the Great Lakes Region

Report Author: 
New American Economy and the Great Lakes Metro Chambers Coalition
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Oct

New Americans and a New Direction: The Role of Immigrants in Reviving the Great Lakes Region examines population and demographic trends in the Great Lakes region and argues that immigrants are playing a key role in boosting the region's lagging population growth, especially among the working-age and college-educated populations. The report looks closely at the region's manufacturing, health care, and agricultural sectors.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other
Syndicate content