Workers

Evolution of the H-1B: Latest Trends in a Program on the Brink of Reform

Report Author: 
Sarah Pierce & Julia Gelatt
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

This issue brief examines the main features of the H-1B temporary worker program, including the background of visa holders, the types of companies they work for, and latest trends in the operation of the program. The report notes that the H-1B program has been growing, with much of the growth due to the fact that there is a long wait for employment-based green cards, particularly for Indian nationals. H-1B visa holders may renew their temporary visas until a green card is available.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Bringing Evidence to the Refugee Integration Debate

Report Author: 
Hamutal Bernstein with Nicole DuBois
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

This report provides a summary of "the prodigious research evidence about refugees in the US." The authors seek to ground policymaking in the existing research base (focusing on five major studies produced in recent years), as well as to identify gaps in research that should be addressed in the future. Overall, the existing studies show that labor force participation rates for refugees rise over time, often exceeding native-born rates, refugee income levels rise, and their use of public benefits declines.

Source Organization: 
American Federation of Teachers

A Way Forward for Refugees: Findings from the WES Pilot Project

Report Author: 
Denise Jillions
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

In 2017, 66 million people became refugees and asylum seekers after being displaced from their homes. World Education Services (WES), an international credential evaluation company, launched a program in 2016 called the Refugee Pilot Project, in order to test an alternative approach to verifying the academic credentials of Syrian refugees in Canada. WES started this program because refugees often have missing or incomplete documentation and their circumstances prevent them from obtaining verified documents to comply with WES's standard procedure.

Source Organization: 
Other

Opportunity Lost: The Economic Benefit of retaining Foreign-Born Students in Local Economies

Report Author: 
Giovanni Peri, Gaetano Basso, and Sara McElmurry
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Apr

This study measures the likelihood that three categories of foreign-born individuals (F-1 visa holders, lawful permanent residents, and undocumented individuals) will be employed five years after graduating from college. Described by the authors as the "first-of-its-kind quantification of college-to-employment rates," the study devotes special attention to the growing numbers of foreign students, i.e. F-1 visa holders -- two-thirds of whom are studying in high-demand STEM fields. As the U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

Beyond DACA - Defying Employer Sanctions Through Civil Disobedience

Report Author: 
Bill Ong Hing
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

Described as a working draft, this paper lays out the case for employers to engage in civil disobedience by continuing to employ Dreamers, i.e. recipients of DACA, if and when their employment authorization expires (either because legal challenges to the revocation of DACA fail and/or Congress fails to find a legislative solution to the problem). The author is Bill Ong Hing, Professor of Law and Migration Studies at the University of San Francisco. Hing notes that hundreds of companies have already gone on record in support of the Dreamer cause.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

What Works: Innovative Approaches to Improving Refugee Integration

Report Author: 
Silva Mathema
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

The Trump administration has proposed funding cuts to the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP), which will destabilize the current infrastructure for resettling and integrating refugees.

Source Organization: 
Center for American Progress

Welcome to Work? Legal Migration Pathways for Low-Skilled Workers

Report Author: 
Kathleen Newland & Andrea Riester
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

This brief explores the international migration opportunities available to low-skilled workers, the constraints on their movement and the development impacts of these patterns. Permanent admissions programs for low-skilled labor are rare. However, a number of trends in Western industrialized countries have combined to create high demand for low-skilled workers to fill temporary and longer-term jobs. Some of this demand may be met indirectly, through family reunification or humanitarian admissions, but currently most programs for the admission of low-skilled workers are temporary programs.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Delivering through Diversity

Report Author: 
Vivian Hunt et al
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Companies with diverse members in leadership positions are more than 20 percent likely to outperform on profitability and have superior value creation. Delivering through Diversity from McKinsey & Company discusses the relationship between diversity and business success and describes the inclusion and diversity (I&D) initiatives that seem to accelerate business performance.

Source Organization: 
Other

Refugees, Rights, and Responsibilities: Bridging the Integration Gap

Report Author: 
Megan J. Ballard
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Sep

The author of this paper makes two important arguments: first, that the U.S. refugee resettlement program has operated under an early employment goal that "undermines" the goal of successful integration; and second, that private sector actors can help to overcome this deficiency, in part through a workshop program piloted in Spokane, WashingtonThe author considers refugee integration to be a multi-dimensional process involving 10 different domains (a theoretical model borrowed from two British scholars: Aliastair Ager and Alison Strang).

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Career Pathways in Nursing: Using Your Foreign Education in the United States,

Report Author: 
World Education Services
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

Designed for foreign-trained nurses interested in reestablishing their careers in a new country, this guide provides practical advice on how to traverse the career landscape in the United States. After reviewing the requirements for licensure as a nurse in the United States, including procedures for credential evaluation and options for supplemental education, the guide also suggests the possibility of alternate careers in healthcare, either as a stepping-stone into nursing later on or as a permanent career choice.

Source Organization: 
Other
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